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Ion Creangă (born March 1, 1837, Humuleşti, d. December 31, 1889, Iaşi) was a Romanian writer. Recognized by the craftsmanship of fairy tales, stories and stories, Ion Creanga is considered to be one of the classics of Romanian literature, especially because of his autobiographical work Memories from childhood.The date of Creangă's birth is uncertain. He himself states in the Biography Fragment that he was born on March 1, 1837. [2] Another variant is the date of June 10, 1839, according to a humorous mood (humorous) of Humuleşti, published by Gh. Ungureanu. [3]
Creanga also had seven brothers and sisters: Zahei, Maria, Ecaterina, Ileana, Teodor, Vasile and Petre. The last three died in childhood, and Zahei, Mary and Ileana in 1919. [4]
Creangă's youth is well known to the general public through his masterpiece Memories from childhood. In 1847, the school started in the village of the native village. A peasant son, he is first prepared by the village teacher, after which his mother entrusts his maternal grandfather ('Mother's father, my grandfather David Creangă from Pipirig'), David Creangă, who leads him to the Bistrita valley at Broşteni, where school continues. [3] In 1853 he was enrolled at the Princely School in Târgu Neamţ under the name Ştefănescu Ion, where he has as teacher Isaia Teodorescu (Popa Duhu). According to the wish of his mother, who wanted to make him a priest, he enrolled at the Catichic School in Fălticeni (the 'Props factory'). Here he appears under the name of Ion Creanga, a name he has preserved for the rest of his life. After the dissolution of the school in Fălticeni, he is forced to go to Iaşi, graduating from the lower course of the Theological seminar 'Veniamin Costachi' from Socola. [3]
He has hardly separated himself from the peasant life, as he confesses in the Memoirs:
'My dear father and mother, my brothers and sisters, and the boys of the village, my childhood companions, whom, in the cold days, I used to go on ice and sledge, and in the summer on beautiful holidays, singing and singing, we were scouring the shadows and the shady meadows, the fields with the fields, the fields with the flowers and the proud hills, from which my daughters smiled, in the age of youth! Also, my dear ones were sitting, climbing, hills and all the parties in the village, to which we were most inspired. '
From 1855 until 1859 he attends the seminar classes, and then, taking his attestation, returns to his native village. He later marries in Iasi with Ileana, the daughter of Ioan Grigoriu, priest of the Forty Saints Church in Iasi, becoming deacon (26 December 1859).
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On December 19, 1860, his son Constantine was born.
In 1864, Creanga entered the Vasilian preparation dish from Three Hierarchs, where Titu Maiorescu had a teacher. He appreciated him very much and called him a teacher at Primary School no. 1 in Iasi.
After having been a teacher and deacon for 12 years in various churches in Iasi, he is definitively excluded from the clergy (October 10, 1872) because he left his wife, shot with the rifle in the crows that dirty the Golia Church and cut it lord, things considered incompatible with the status of deacon. (In 1993, he was repatriated after the death of the clergy.) [5] Following the exclusion from the clergy, Minister Tell also dismisses him as an institute, but the arrival of Titu Maiorescu in the ministry contributes to his renown on this post . He collaborated in the elaboration of four school textbooks, including an 'Abecedar' (1868).
In 1873 his divorce trial ended, with his 12-year-old child being cared for. He searched for a house to move to, choosing a dwelling in the tsuiu (bojdeuca).
In 1875, he met Mihai Eminescu, then a school supervisor in Iasi and Vaslui, whom he became friends with. Between 1875 and 1883, at the poet's urge, he wrote his most important works.
Between 1883 and 1889 he suffered epilepsy [3] and suffered greatly from the disease and then from the death of Eminescu and Veronica Micle.
Ion Creangă dies on December 31, 1889, in his house in Ţicău district. He is buried on January 2, 1890 at the Eternity cemetery in Iasi.
3 years
Claudiu23 Good.It's one more beautifull poet
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Violeta Very good
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soncee Good artikle
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MegyBella 👍
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carmen3521 Good p
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