By TammyWhite
1 years ago

Castilla Roses

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Rosa gallica also known as the Gallic rose, Castilla rose, French rose or rose of Provins, is a species of flowering plant in the rose family, native to southern and central Europe eastwards to Turkey and the Caucasus.

Rosa gallica is a deciduous shrub forming large patches of shrubbery, the stems with prickles and glandular bristles.
The leaves are pinnate, with three to seven bluish-green leaflets.
The flowers are clustered one to four together, single with five petals, fragrant, deep pink.
The hips are globose to ovoid, 10–13 mm diameter, orange to brownish.

This species is easy to grow in very drained soils with exposure to the sun or in the shade; can withstand cold temperatures of up to 25 ° C below zero. It is one of the oldest species of roses that are grown, were known by the ancient Greeks and Romans and common in the gardens of the Middle Ages. In the nineteenth century, it was one of the most important species of cultivated rose bushes, and most of the modern European rose cultivations have at least a small contribution of the Rosa Gallica in their genes.

The crops of the Rosa Gallica species and the nearby hybrids in appearance constitute a group of crops, the Gallica rose group.
The ancestors are generally unknown and the influence of other species can not be ruled out.
The group of rosebeds Gallica shares the vegetative characters of the species, forming low protective shrubs.
Flowers may be simple, but double or semi-double flowers are more common. The color of the flowers ranges from white (rare) to pink and dark purple.

All the roses of the Gallica group have a unique flowering. They are easy to grow.
The semi-double crop "Officinalis", the rose of Provins, is also the << red rose of Lancastre >> which is the floral emblem of Lancashire.

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